(Smart) textile structures and façades have a long tradition in architecture due to their lightweight properties, geometrical flexibility and resource efficiency. With new developments by combination of different materials within textiles various requirements in the façade can be addressed more decentralized and individually to user needs and/or environmental impact.
The efnMOBILE workshop addressed this potential and aimed to develop new concepts for textile building skins or textile façade components. Therefore teaching, research and practice from different fields was brought together at the workshop to trigger new concepts to be investigated by architecture, façade design, engineering and textile design students.
In total 24 students from the Master of Integrated Architecture focusing on façade construction at University of Applied Sciences Ostwestfalen-Lippe and from Textile and Surface Design at Kunsthochschule Berlin Weißensee participated in the workshop which was held at University of Antwerp. Supported by tutors and critics from Priedemann/Facade-Lab, Kunsthochschule Berlin, University of Antwerp and PJC Consulting.
Based on the case study building Green Tower at the Schüco campus in Bielefeld, Germany, six student teams developed façade solutions focusing on four main topics: Sun-Shading, Energy Generation, Ventilation and Acoustics.
With the help of textile materials and special geometries the students developed several solutions working with upscaling, deformation and material integration. For example the usage of dielectric elastomer fibers for energy generation, deforming sun-shading sails according to the sun-angle and floor-height woven waffle bindings. The workshop therefore not only showed the potential of textile building skins but also the successful interdisciplinary collaboration of such different fields of studies and industry.